Is Machismo Just Make-Up for Men? - The Good Men Project
It's time we start shifting away from a male-dominated mentality and into a more inclusive and realistic one. The problem with men and machismo is that we feel pressure to act “macho” every It would be one thing if we only felt this pressure when trying to get a date , but Topics covered in Giorgio's writings include dating, relationships, marriage. Text Box: The night before her wedding, a girl kneels down to pray. While machismo (What is machismo?) is a concept that dictates many aspects of Latin.
Lizette Ojeda discusses findings from interviews with Mexican men on their conceptions of masculinity. My interest in understanding Mexican masculinity was due in part by not understanding the men in my familia.
Why did I never see them cry? Why did they engage in machista behavior? Why did they turn to alcohol to cope with their problems? And despite all this, why were they willing to risk their lives for the sake of their family? And so, to help answer some of my questions about what it means to be a Mexican man, I decided to initiate a qualitative study to better understand the masculinity of working class Mexican immigrant men.
Most of these men were in the U. Ages ranged from 22 to 40 years.
- Sexism and Machismo: the Attitude to Women in Latin America
- Is Machismo Just Make-Up for Men?
- ‘Machismo’: What is it?
Their education level ranged from 3rd grade to some college. What follows are some of the topics that I focused on during the interviews and some preliminary themes that have emerged. When they were growing up, the men stated that they learned to be macho.
They learned that women stayed at home with kids while men worked. To do this, the youngest participant had to drop out of high school because he is the oldest son and comes from a single mother household. The fathers wished that they would be with their family so that their children would listen to them since they are the man. One father shared that his youngest daughter was born in his arms, but since then has not seen her. This organization, headed by Vilma EspinCastro's sister in law, helped women establish themselves better into the working world and in women's right issues.
They are also now able to get access to sexual abuse therapies. Many feminist scholars have described this phenomena, which takes place in other cultures, as the second shift, based on a book by Arlie Russell Hochschild by the same name. Cubans are now beginning to leave state employment, to search for jobs in tourism. These jobs produce a great deal of profit because of the wealthy tourists that visit the island and leave good tips. Cubans who were once professors and doctors are now leaving their old jobs to become bartenders and some to even drive cabsthese tourism jobs are primarily held by men; machismo has once again given men more financial power.
Fidel Castro once said on homosexuality in a interview with American journalist Lee Lockwood"A deviation of that nature clashes with the concept we have of what a militant communist should be. CENESEX has sought to decrease homophobia in Cuba by increasing sexual awareness by holding social gatherings like anti homophobic rallies.
The Codigo de la Familia Family Law. It became into effect on March 8,just 15 years after the Cuban Revolution. The new Family Law of really helped a lot of women get jobs on the island and provided children with protection under the law so that child begging and homelessness amongst children was practically eradicated.
The law also stated that it was required for both sexes to participated in domestic chores  But just because the law was passed, does not mean it was heavily reinforced, particularly in the domestic sphere.
Sexism and Machismo: the Attitude to Women in Latin America
This new family law was not received well by many people in Cubaparticularly men who backlashed against the law. These grievances reflected in the media that was made in Cuba, particularly, during the " Golden Age of Cuban Cinema". In the opening scene of this movie, there is an interview with a young black man who is asked about machismo.
The film that Oscar was meant to write for is directed by his friend Arturo.
10 Signs you're with a machista
Both are well educated men with stable careers in their fields, wives, cars and other luxuries. However, Arturo believes that the issue of Machismo is most directly a working class problem and that it is up to educated men such as himself and Oscar, to raise consciousness on the issue. Oscar and Arturo use working class dock-workers to use as research for their film.
This is where they meet Lina, a working-class woman who is in charge of the dock workers. In the beginning of the film she is represented to be tough on her workers and is well respected amongst all the men she works with. Oscar, the screenwriterfinds himself enamored with her tough attitudes, which is very different than women he has met before. Oscar sees that this is not the kind of woman he is used to.
Throughout the movie, although Oscar is having an affair on his wife, he finds himself being more empathetic to working-class struggles in a way that his friend Arturo isn't. It also problematizes, bourgeois men who believe they are intellectually above everyone else, including issues on machismo and women's equality. Generational cycle[ edit ] Many women identify that machismo is perpetuated through the pressure to raise children a certain way and instill social constructions of gender throughout a child's development.
These aspects set up the environment through which the ideology perpetuates itself. Research suggests this may be associated to adolescent perceived gender role discrepancies which challenge the traditional perceptions of gender role i. One key aspect of Machismo's association to violence is its influence in a man's behavior towards proving his strength  While strength and fortitude are recognized as key components to the stereotype of machismo, demonstrations of violence and aggressive actions have become almost expected of men and have been justified as desirable products of being tough and macho.
It can be implied that "if you are violent, you are strong and thus more of a man than those who back down or do not fight". However, through jealousy, competitiveness, and pride, violent encounters are also often pursued to demonstrate his strength to others.
A man's insecurities can be fueled by a number of pressures. These range from societal pressures to "be a man" to internal pressures of overcoming an inferiority complex,  This can translate into actions that devalue feminine characteristics and overemphasize the characteristics of strength and superiority attributed to masculinity,  With little opportunity for attaining an income, minimal means to get an education, and the few people they have as a support system, many women become dependent on their husbands financially and emotionally.
Marianismo derives its origins from Spanish Colonization, as many social constructs from Latin America do. It emphasizes the perfect femininity of a woman and her virginity. One could argue that in the similar manner of Patriarchy, the man is the head of the household while the "fragile" woman is submissive and tends to remain behind the scenes.
This brings to focus the idea that women are inferior and are thus dependent on their husbands. As a result, they not only rely on their husbands for financial support, but in the social realm are put at the same level as "children under age 12, mentally ill persons, and spendthrifts"  By way of tradition, not only are women given limited opportunities in what they are able to do and to be, but they are also viewed as people that cannot even take care of themselves.
Getting married provides a woman with security under her husband's success, but also entails a lifelong commitment towards serving her husband and her children. They are taught that these must be done well so that they can adequately serve their families and avoid punishment and discipline by their authoritative husbands. The desire for the authority of being in charge of the situation, commanding others, and to excel above others.
Showing little to no affection or sexuality to others.
Life as a Mexican Man: Conceptions of Masculinity
Meanwhile, girls are oftentimes brought up to tolerate an unfaithful partner, since it is a part of the machismo culture. Now, if only machistas would keep their "I'm the man" attitude to themselves, we'd all be alright. But for the most part, they don't.
Machistas often feel the need to prove that the king of the world by putting others down, eliminating competition, and being controlling a-holes--especially when it comes to the women in their lives. Seriously, it's the worst.
Generally, it's difficult to have a healthy relationship with a machista, and they should be avoided like the plague. Here are 10 signs you should keep an eye out for to help you spot a machista from a mile away. Image via Thinkstock He belittles you 1 Image via Thinkstock He's always making you the butt of a joke or criticizing anything and everything from how you drive to your cooking skills. Advertisement He's a mujeriego 2 Image via Thinkstock He thinks the only way to prove that he's the man is by having a harem of women around him.